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4. Mathematical analysis of 3-Wheeler stability:

4.1 Simple visual analysis:

Click on this 4.1 section title above, to get a simple explanation of why the vehicle-occupants center of gravity should lay under the gray pyramid on the illustration at the right:

 

DO NOT click on the links below right, unless you have a background in mechanics or you are very curious. These links present the mathematical calculations of the safety margins against rollover and forward tipping of 3-Wheelers:

4.2 Logic behind the  mathematical calculations of safety margin

4.3 Stability of 3-Wheelers with two driving-steering front wheels

4.4 Stability of 3-Wheelers with rear-engine and single-rear driving wheel

These mathematical analyses reveal problems of certain 3-Wheelers. Click on the following link to examine a less 'mathematical' but still very instructive summary:

4.5 Summary of safety margin calculations:

 

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